What You Need to Know About the New Mortgage Stress Test


June 2023

The new mortgage stress test is a crucial topic to explore if you’re considering jumping into the home-buying market. This test is designed to ensure you can manage your mortgage payments, even under potential financial stressors. We’ll delve into the finer details and implications of the stress test to help you understand its significance.


Understanding the New Mortgage Stress Test

In its core function, the new mortgage stress test acts as a protective measure for both borrowers and lenders. It might seem like an additional hurdle, but understanding it in depth will help you see its value.


The term ‘stress test’ itself alludes to a scenario where a borrower’s financial stability might be stressed – such as an increase in interest rates. As mortgage borrowers, individuals enter a long-term commitment that can last for decades. In such a span of time, the chances of experiencing fluctuations in the interest rate are quite high. This is where the concept of the new mortgage stress test comes into play.


This test is essentially a simulated scenario where lenders assess a borrower’s ability to continue repaying their mortgage in a higher interest rate environment. The test does not denote that higher rates are imminent or guaranteed. Instead, it is designed to safeguard against potential changes in the future, which could put the borrower at risk of defaulting on their mortgage payments.


How it Works

For the new mortgage stress test, the qualifying rate is the higher of the borrower’s contract rate plus 2%, or the five-year benchmark rate published by the Bank of Canada. It’s important to remember that this change doesn’t mean you will be paying this higher rate, but rather demonstrating that you could afford to.


Under the new rules, lenders are required to verify that borrowers can afford their mortgage if interest rates were to increase. Specifically, they must prove they can manage payments at a qualifying rate, which is the higher of two figures: the borrower’s contract rate plus 2% or the five-year benchmark rate.


To put it into perspective, if you’re taking out a mortgage with an interest rate of 4.5%, you’ll need to demonstrate that you could still make the necessary repayments if the rate were to jump to 6.5%. The essence here is to establish a financial buffer for the borrower that can sustain unexpected shifts in the economy or personal financial circumstances.


So, even if you secure a mortgage at a lower rate, this new mortgage stress test requires you to qualify as though you’re paying at a higher rate. This measure of foresight acts as a safety net, ensuring that borrowers will not be thrust into a position where they’re unable to manage their mortgage repayments.


Why the Change?

You might be asking why a change was necessary. In a nutshell, this shift aims to ensure borrowers’ financial stability in a climate where interest rates are liable to change. It provides a buffer and mitigates the risk of defaults, contributing to overall market stability.


The modification to the mortgage stress test rules reflects the reality that market conditions, particularly interest rates, can fluctuate over the term of a mortgage. While interest rates have been historically low for some time, they are not fixed and could rise in the future, potentially leaving some borrowers in a difficult position.


How it Affects You in the Greater Toronto Area

If you’re looking to find a team in the Toronto area that can help you navigate the complexities of the new mortgage stress test, you’re not alone. This can be especially beneficial if you’re planning on moving in the Greater Toronto Area and hiring movers, as the added relocation costs could impact your affordability calculations. An expert team can assist you in making the right decisions and preparing for the financial implications of your move.


Potential Impact on the Housing Market

The introduction of the new mortgage stress test has raised discussions about its potential impact on the housing market. It is speculated that the new rules could put a damper on housing demand, essentially making it more challenging for some individuals, particularly first-time buyers, to enter the market. This shift is due to the stringent conditions of the test that now require potential homebuyers to prove they can still service their hypothetically higher debt at a higher interest rate.


In the short term, this could potentially lead to fewer people qualifying for mortgages, thereby reducing the pool of potential buyers. Less demand, in turn, could slow down the escalating house prices, making the market less competitive for those who do qualify. Some industry watchers predict a cooling-off period in the market as buyers and sellers adjust to the new rules.


However, it’s important to note that while this may appear as an inconvenience, the ultimate goal of these measures is to ensure long-term stability in the housing market. By instituting a more rigorous qualifying process, the Mortgage Stress Test helps guard against over-lending, a scenario where buyers overextend themselves financially. The stress test provides a safety buffer, ensuring borrowers can still meet their obligations even if interest rates rise or their financial situation changes.


Moreover, these protective measures aim to safeguard against large-scale mortgage defaults, which can have devastating effects on the economy. In this way, the new mortgage stress test contributes to the financial health and sustainability of the housing market and the wider economy in the long term.


While the transition period may involve adjustments, potential buyers can utilize this time to save more for their down payment, reduce other debts, or consider more affordable properties or areas. It also serves as a reminder to all of us that in the pursuit of homeownership, it’s critical to consider not just our present capabilities but also our financial future.



The new mortgage stress test is a significant change to understand if you’re stepping into the housing market, especially in high-cost areas like the Greater Toronto Area. It’s not just about the house you can afford today but ensuring you can sustain your payments, should interest rates rise. As always, getting expert advice can make all the difference as you navigate the world of mortgages and home buying.


Please contact Broker Donna Bulika for advice on selling real estate in Toronto and to book your private consultation by filling out the form below or calling/texting at 416-797-6226, or emailing sold@donnabulika.com

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